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About Dhaka

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DHAKA CITY:

Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh with its exciting history and rich culture. Known the world over as the city of Mosques, Muslin, Rickshaw and natural green beauty. It has attracted traveler most from far and near through ages. According to recorded history it was established by Buddhists in 3rd century, later dominated by Hindus, after fell in to the hand of Muslim Mughal rules in the 13th century.

It was the golden age of Dhaka, when it became a great Mughal trading port and finally the capital of Bengal in 1608 by  Subedar Islam Khan. Before 1608 Dhaka ’s old name Jahangir nagar, It became capital 1610 A.D. In 16 century Dhaka was the 11th largest capital in the world.

The Mughals built Dhaka in to a magnificent city, with a place of sultans, dozens of ornate Mosques, covered markets, gardens and huge citadel to protect it from pirates and foreign power.

Portuguese, Dutch, British, French, Armenian, and Greek all came here to trade during the 17th century. They tussled with one another for the favored of the Mughals. But it was the British who finally triumphed and took Dhaka as their own in 1765. British dominated up to 1947 after then fell in to the hand of Pakistan. We got independence from them in 1971.

Now Dhaka is grown in to a busy city of about ten Million  people with an area of about 1353sq.km. It has been developing fast as a modern city. It is the center of industrial, commercial, cultural, educational and political activities for Bangladesh. Motijheel is the main commercial area of the city.

Dhaka is carrying many historical place, such as “Martyr’s Monument (Sahidminar), National Memorial, National Parliament Building, Lalbagh Fort, Ahasan Manzil, Dhakeshwary Temple, Sonargao, The Armenian Church, Curzon Hall, Bahadur Shah Park etc.

Dhaka University
History of Bangladesh is very closely related to the history of the Dhaka University, since 1952-1990 all the mass movements were organized from and lead by the students of this University.
Sonargaon

Literally the golden village, is historical site situated about 30km to the southeast of Dhaka. This place carries the relic of Isa Kha, which was the capital of independence Sultans. In 1337 A.D Fokruddin Mobarak Shah declared Sonargone is the capital of Bangal. Another name of this place “Subarna Nagor”. In this time of Sher Shah got 4 mon (about 125 kg.) rice by 1(One) taka.   The famous traveler Ibn Batuta visited the place about 1345 A.D. The time of pale and deva king who had used it as their administrative town, Isha khan had also built his army head quarter here. It became a famous center of industry and culture. There are a number of relics architectural have  / remains in the area. Some of them had been built in the early 15th centaury. Among them The Tomb of Sultan Gyasuddin Azam Shah built in 1410 A.D. and Hazrat Shaikh Muhammad, The signal domed Mosque at mograpara built in 1486 A.D. The Goaldi Mosque, The Tomb of Five Pirs and Manah Mhah, The Damdam of fort are the most significant.

Also there have a folk art museum established by Bangladesh government in 1975 to fulfill the dream of painter Shilpakala Zainul Abedin with his rich collection of Folk object.

Sonargon now became one of the most attractive venues for tourist to see various handicrafts, made of jute and bamboo, clay and shops of Jamdani saris. There is also have a large Dighi (pond) was used by the weaver to wash their cotton threads to produce Muslin fabrics that famous around the world. Panam nagar was the residence of early Muslim governor, which was protected by artificial cannels all around

Lalbagh Fort
The fort was built in 1678 by Prince Mohammad Azam, son of Mughal emperor Aurangozeb. The fort was the scene of a bloody battle during the first war of independence (1857) when 250 soldiers stationed here backed by people revolted against british forces. Besides the main structure, Lalbagh Fort also has a number of other buildings and monuments such as the tomb of Pari Bibi, Lalbagh mosque, audience hall and hammam khana (bathing place) of Nawab Shaista Khan now housing a museum.
Old High Court Building
Originally built as the residence of the British Governor, the High Court Building illustrates a fine blend of European and mughal architecture. The building is situated North of the Curzon Hall of Dhaka Universiry.
Crafts Man Village
Village dhamrai and kakran are located adjacent to saver, dhamrai famous for metal works with brass and people of kakran used to be potters.
Jamdani Village
Roposhi village is well known as Jamdani village which is located on the bank of the river Sitalakhya. Most of the homes are engaged in weaving Jamdani saree scarf in handlooms. These expert weavers can create design from their mind while weaving. These instant creation does not require any mechanical technique.
Natak Sarani
Group theatre are very active in Bangladesh Stage dramas are very popular. Some of the plays continue performing years after years. Two popular stage Auditoriums are located on this drama avenue.
Zoological Garden
Called Mirpur Zoo is situated at mirpur, 10 km. northwest of Dhaka on 230 acres of land contains some interesting and rare inmates.
National Poets Graveyard
Kazi Nazrul Islam is our National Poet. Called him Rebel poet died on 29th 1976 and was laid to rest Dhaka University area near mousqe.
National Assembly Complex
It is one of the majestic public buildings. Parliament Building (Sangsad Bhavan) complex is located at Sher-e-Bangla Nagar of Dhaka city. It is an architectural masterpiece for which the nation is proud. This magnificent building stand as a silent evidence of the creative devotion and poetic vision of its famous American Architect “Luis Isidor Kahn”. There are 400 rooms. It has 600acaes of land. It is nine story(155 feet) high. The construction work began in Dec.1962 and completed in Dec.1983. The building is surrounded by artificial lake and gardens
Ahsan Manzil Museum
The pink Majestic Ahsan Manzil is situated on the bank of river Buriganga in Dhaka . It was the home of the Nawab of Dhaka. Nawab Abdul Ghani named Ahsan Manzil after his son Nawab Ahsanullah. It has 31 rooms with a huge dome atop. It now has 23 galleries displaying portraits, furniture and household articles and utensils used by the Nawab family.
Baitul Mukarram

Baitul Mukarram mosque is the National mosque of Bangladesh . A mosque without dome over the roof of its main prayer hall must have been unique experiment. The main building is storied and 99 feet high from the ground level. The absence of  a dome  on the main building is compensated by the two shallow domed entrance porticoes, one on the south, and other one on the north. The mehrab of the hall is rectangular instead of semi-circular. The Baitul Mukarram mosque is modern in its architectural style. But it has not discarded traditional principles of mosque architecture. It has found its place in the hearts of the Muslims because of its resemblance with famous Kaba at Makkah.

National Memorial
About 35 km. from Dhaka is the National Marty's monument at savar in the suburb of Dhaka city, built in the memory of the millions who died in the liberation war during 1971. It comprises an area of 126 acres of land with beautiful landscape. It's minar rises from a 130x130 high of 150 ft.
Central Shaheed Minar
Symbol of Bangladeshi nationalism. This was built to commemorate the martyr's of historic language movement of 1952.
Armenian Church
Armanian church situated to the south west corner of Armanitola ground of old Dhaka. It was built in 1781 by Armanians who came to Dhaka in 17th century.
Buddhist Temple
This is the large Buddhist culture center in Bangladesh containing a huge bronze and a big beautiful marble statue of lord Buddha. It is situated at Kamlapur east of the main railway station of Dhaka. The holy ashes of the greatest Buddhist scholar of Bengal , Dipankar aree Gan atisha is kept here in a casket.
Dhakeswari Temple

It was believed that it was in the center of former Dhaka . At that period a bell was rung from this temple. The sound of the bell around the neighboring are and the area so far the sound was heard known as Dhaka . Another legend is King Ballal Sen found the covered embodiment of Devi Durga (the Hindu Goddess) in forest near Buriganga. He took her out and established the temple of Devi Durga . Whatever the legend is, Dhakeshwari temple was built by King Ballal Sen approximately 1000 years ago. And it is believed that the name of Dhaka came after the name of Dhakeshwari. Also people believed that the name of Dhaka came from “Dhak” means the sound of drum / bell. It is the largest and oldest Hindu’s temple in Dhaka.

Star Mosque
Zeminder Mirza Ghulam Pir built this mosque in the early 18th century. This most beautifully decorated mosque is situated at Mahuttuly west of Armanitola Govt. high School. This is a five dome mosque with hundreds of big and small twinkling stars as surface decoration.
Bahadur Shah Park
This memorial commemorates the martyr's of the first liberation war (1857-59) against British rule. It was here that the spays and their civil compatriots were publicly hanged.
National Museum
Dhaka museum was established in 1913, was renamed as the national museum and shifted to its new complex in 1983. It has forty galleries under four departments, namely Natural history, History of Classic art, Ethnography and Decorative art and Contemporary art and world civilization. The museum contains a large number of interesting ancient historic collections, including sculptures, coins, paintings and inscriptions.
Bangabandhu Memorial Museum
The residence of the father of the nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in Dhanmondi Residential Area has been turned in to a Museum. It contains collection of personal effects and photographs of the father of the nation.
Ramna Green
Ramna Park is a vast stretch of green ground surrounded by a serpentine lake. Its closed to Dhaka University.
Fantasy Kingdom
Most exciting children park having interesting rides. It is situated at Ashulia about 30 km. from Dhaka city.
Heritage Park
It is located about 20 Km away from Dhaka city and adjacent to Fantasy kingdom. Here you will find installation of replicas of some architectural and archaeological objects as well as various other articles being used traditionally.
Nandan Park
It is located about 35 Km from Dhaka city. It is a family amusement park and consists of dry rides and water world. Country's only water park, with different types of built rides on beautiful natural land scape.
Narayangang
Located 16 km. away from Dhaka on the bank of river Sitalakhya. It was regarded as the Dandee of Bangladesh an the biggest inland river port of Bangladesh.
Sadarghat
It is situated on the bank of the river Buriganga. It remains very busy with different types of boat, tugs, speed boats, motor lanches. From here passenger and cargo motor lanches leaves everyday for southern towns.
Shakhari Bazar
It is situated in the old part of Dhaka city. Narrow lane and old buildings reflects the early age of old Dhaka . People here are expert of making 'SHAKHA' (Bangles from conch shell) and artisans are known as SHAKHARI. As per hindu religion, married women are to wear conch shell bangles on both wrists.
Curzon Hall
Beautiful architectural building named after Lord Curzon. It is now science faculty of Dhaka University.
Banga Bhaban
Official residence of the honorable president of the people's republic of Bangladesh, situated across the park of Gulishtan , is a beautiful piece of architecture reflects in the countries situated across the park of Gulishtan , is a beautiful piece of architecture reflects in the countries cultural heritage. Banga Bhaban is close to visitors for security reasons however one can have a outside view only.
Muktijuddha Museum
Situated at Segun Bagicha. This museum possesses a rich collection of rare photographs of liberation war items used by the freedom fighters and important documents.
Intellectual Memorial
Situated at Rayer Bazar, Dhaka. This was built in the memory of intellectual killed during the liberation war.
Botanical Garden
It is situated near national zoo, approximately 50,000 plants and trees are there of 1200 species.
Trishal
It is the place where innumerable boyhood memories of our National Poet Kazi Nazrul Islam are found around. Nazrul was a student of Darrirampur High school intertribal Police Station. Here a cultural organisation styled as Nazrul Academy has been established in memory of the great poet. Rebel poet Kazi Nazrul, the shelly of Bangladesh is in eternal sleep beside Dhaka University Central Mosque.
Bhawal National Park
It is situated at Rajendrapur 40 km. north of Dhaka on the very vast( 1600 acres) areas of floristries on the magnificent Bhawal region of Gazipur District. This national recreational forest is an ideal place for recreational and eco-tourism pursuits.
St. Mary's Cathedral
Situated to the east of Roman Park, this is the center of all the Roman Catholic churches of Bangladesh. Catholic churches of Bangladesh .
St.Thomas Cathedral
This oldest Portuguese church was built in 1677 A.D. It is situated on holy cross road Tejgaon.
Ram Krishna Mission
Temple is situated to the south of Bangladesh .
Suhrawardy Uddyan
Formerly known as the race course. From this Uddyan the clarion call for independence of Bangladesh was given by the father of the nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mojibur Rahman on 7 th March 1971 and curiously enough it is again here that the commander of the Pakistani occupation force surrendered on 16 th December 1971.
BaldhaGarden
Situated in Wari area of the city, built in the thirties of the 20 th century. Balda garden has a grand collection of about 15000 rare plants and trees from all over the world.
Nagar Bhaban
Office building oh Dhaka Municipality Corporation is of architectural beauty.
Zia Memorial
Mr.Ziaur Rahman was former president of Bangladesh. His mausoleum is on the northern side of the Parliament Building.
National Art gallery
Situated in the Shilpakala Academy premised. This National Art Gallery has a representative collection of folk art and paintings by artists of Bangladesh.
Martyred Intellectuals Memorial
It is located at Mirpur which is built to commemorate the valiant intellectuals who were killed in 1971 just two days ahead of Victory Day.

 

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